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Defense Reports

Defense Reports are short pieces designed to provide information on topics that will stimulate discussion and further public understanding of the Army's role in national defense.

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No Supplemental Funding: Implications for the U.S. Army
(Defense Report 07-4, December 2007) briefly discusses the budget shortfall for combat operations and the consequences it will have for the Army, such as employee layoffs, cancelled military contracts and reduced services on military bases. The Army needs full, timely and predictable funding to accomplish the myriad missions to which it has been assigned. Without the necessary funds and resources, by mid-February 2008 the Army will find itself unable to support combatant commanders worldwide.

Supporting Those Who Have Given So Much: Army Medical Action Plan Update
(Defense Report 07-3, September 2007) briefly examines the progress of the first three phases of the AMAP, including the implementation of the Army's "10 Quick Wins"--ten goals to reach by 15 June. Phase IV is set for September 2007-January 2008, when the new organizations will achieve initial operational capability. Full operational capability will occur during Phase V in the beginning of 2008. The overall purpose of the plan is to identify issues and implement solutions, leading to a streamlined system that provides the best possible medical care for Soldiers and their families.

Supporting Those Who Have Given So Much: Army Medical Action Plan Update
(Defense Report 07-3, September 2007) briefly examines the progress of the first three phases of the AMAP, including the implementation of the Army's "10 Quick Wins"--ten goals to reach by 15 June. Phase IV is set for September 2007-January 2008, when the new organizations will achieve initial operational capability. Full operational capability will occur during Phase V in the beginning of 2008. The overall purpose of the plan is to identify issues and implement solutions, leading to a streamlined system that provides the best possible medical care for Soldiers and their families.

Army Medical Action Plan
(Defense Report 07-2, June 2007, PDF 197K) Examines the Army’s initiative to develop a sustainable system wherein wounded, injured and ill Soldiers are medically treated and vocationally rehabilitated to prepare them for successful return to duty or transition to active citizenship. This plan will ensure that the needs of operational units, Soldiers and their families are jointly met. Its mission is to support the Army’s Warrior Ethos of “I will never leave a fallen comrade” by identifying and implementing improvements in the Army’s system of caring for warriors in transition, and to establish long-term solutions that provide a lifetime of care.

No Defense Appropriations Bill--What That Means for the Soldier and the Army
(Defense Report 06-2, PDF, August 2006) Briefly summarizes the stalemate in Congress over the Defense budget and analyzes some of the reasons for the pause in progress. The Senate began its traditional late-summer recess on 4 August 2006 without passing the Fiscal Year 2007 Defense Appropriations bill. If the budget is not signed into law by 1 October 2006, the military will again have to operate under a continuing resolution, which provides funding at the same level as the previous fiscal year's budget, without allowance for new requirements or new contracts.

2006 Quadrennial Defense Review: Shifting Emphasis (03/31/2006)
(DR06-1, March 2006, PDF 195K) Briefly examines the 2006 QDR Report and how it will guide the Department of Defense into the future. Senior civilian and military leaders at DoD used the report as a medium to address the need to “find, fix and finish” combat operations in an era of the unpredictable. Throughout the report, the phrase “the long war” is used by Pentagon officials to describe the irregular nature of current operations that requires the U.S. military to adopt unconventional and indirect approaches to warfighting. The Report stresses that it is not promoting a radical change in direction for the military, but rather a shifting of emphasis from conventional methods of warfare to new challenges facing our troops.

Base Realignment and Closure 2005: Implications for the Army's Medical Capabilities (06/25/2005)
(DR05-4, June 2005, PDF 108K) Looks at current Department of Defense recommendations for the 2005 round of BRAC and the department's view on restructuring the Military Healthcare System through consolidation of Army medical facilities and joint creation and operation of new "Centers of Excellence" to meet the future needs of the armed forces.

The Transforming Army and Impact Aid: Remembering Military Children (06/20/2005)
(DR05-3, June 2005, PDF 104K) Takes a look at four wide-ranging transformational processes--ongoing privatization of military housing, the Base Realignment and Closure (BRAC) round of 2005, the Global Rebasing Initiative and the Army Modular Force Initiative--and how their impact on military populations on and around military bases may, in turn, affect both the education of military children and the well-being of the schools they attend.

New Army Doctrine for a Nation at War (06/15/2005)
(DR05-2, June 2005, PDF 251K) Takes a brief look at just-published Army Field Manual (FM) 1, Operations, which establishes the Army's operational concept while defining the fundamental principles for employing landpower in support of the National Security, Defense and Military Strategies. Prepared under the direction of the Secretary of the Army and the Army Chief of Staff, FM 1 represents the integration of their shared vision of the Army, defining the purpose, roles and functions of the Army in contemporary terms while establishiong a broad direction for the future of the force.

Anticipating the 2005 Quadrennial Defense Review: Issues and Opportunities (03/20/2005)
(DR05-1, March 2005, PDF 183K) First offers a brief overview of the genesis of the QDR and then looks to 2005, anticipating emphasis on strengthened intelligence, protecting critical operating bases, and working with partners to increase their capabilities, thus reducing some of the burden currently carried by the U.S. military. Other issues that should be included are stability and support operations, strategic forces, Homeland Defense and Homeland Security, and Department of Defense management and business processes.

Protecting the Military's Right to Vote (08/15/2004)
(DR04-4, August 2004, PDF 100K) Takes a look at the Uniformed and Overseas Citizens Absentee Voting Act of 1986 and the Defense Department's Federal Voting Assistance Program--what they mean, how they work and what action is required by servicemembers to exercise their right to vote no matter where they may be stationed.

Equipment for the Soldier: A Most Critical Unfunded Requirement (05/10/2004)
(DR04-3, May 2004, PDF 283K) Takes a look at the Army's Rapid Fielding Initiative and the $1.175 billion budget shortfall that threatens to undermine this expanding effort to address shortages and obsolescence of mission-essential equipment.

The Security Clearance Process: A Defense Dinosaur? (05/05/2004)
(DR04-2, May 2004, PDF 236K) Contractors play an essential role in our nation's defense. Since September 11, 2001, a huge increase in the demand for jobs requiring security clearances has created a surge in clearance investigations and -- thanks to an antiquated and laborious process -- an immense backlog of cases awaiting investigation or adjudication. This report examines the elements that contribute to the inefficiencies of the clearance process and the impact of those inefficiencies on national defense, and offers some recommendations for fixing the problem.

The Survivor Benefit Plan: Getting What Was Promised — and Paid For (04/15/2004)
(DR04-1, April 2004, PDF 93K) Examines the inequities and omissions that make the Survivor Benefit Plan both less supportive than military servicemembers and their survivors have been led to expect and less attractive to those planning to retire; also addressed are some potential solutions to the problem.

Comanche — Critical Enabler for Joint and Army Future Force Operations (12/15/2003)
(DR03-5, December 2003, PDF 364K) Looks at the RAH-66 Comanche stealth helicopter and how the program supports Department of Defense Transformation Guidance published in April 2003. The report also addresses the Comanche from an operational perspective and outlines the program development schedule through Fiscal Year 2011.

Army Reserve Bridge to Transformation: Federal Reserve Restructuring Initiative (09/17/2003)
(DR03-4, September 2003, PDF 234K) An overview of the Army Reserve FRRI, a program designed to deliver an Army Reserve force that will be appropriately structured and resourced to meet the future Army’s needs. FRRI, synchronized with the Army’s Transformation Campaign Plan, addresses people, readiness and transformation. The FRRI end-state envisions an Army Reserve force that is fully manned, equipped and resourced, flexible and adaptable to change, and comprising ready, relevant units available for worldwide deployment and capable of split-based operations, reachback and information superiority.

The Army Reserve’s TTHS Account Initiative — The Personnel Management Tool of Choice for Improving Readiness (09/10/2003)
(DR03-3, September 2003, PDF 432K) Looks at the potential benefits of establishing a Trainees, Transients, Holdees and Students account for the Army Reserve to increase unit readiness by removing nondeployable soldiers from troop program unit (TPU) spaces.

Decaying Infrastructure — An Achilles’ Heel to Readiness for the Guard and Reserve (03/15/2003)
(DR03-2, March 2003, PDF 83K) The Army National Guard and Army Reserve are as plagued by a crumbling infrastructure as the active duty force. To correct the problem, Total Obligation Authority needs to be increased starting in FY 2004.

Comanche — "Eyes and Guide" for the Joint Force (01/15/2003)
(DR03-1, January 2003, PDF 28K) The Comanche is the first component of the Objective Force and will be a significant system in the Future Combat Systems.

Examining the September 2002 National Security Strategy (09/15/2002)
(DR02-7, September 2002, PDF 23K) Please note, this publication is not available in print form. Click on the title to view and print as an Adobe Acrobate PDF. Analyzes President Bush’s Sept. 20 National Security Strategy, which outlines "American internationalism."

The Soldiers’ and Sailors’ Civil Relief Act of 1940 — Easing the Burden of Service (08/17/2002)
(DR02-6, August 2002, PDF 24K) The benefits and protections of the SSCRA need to be extended to National Guard members who are called to active duty under Title 32.

Reserve Retirement — Illuminating Some Gray Areas (08/16/2002)
(DR02-5, August 2002, PDF 23K) Discusses the difference in active and reserve component retirement pay systems. Active duty retirees receive their retirement pay immediately, but reservist must wait until they reach age 60.

Reserve Component Tax Deductions for Soldiers and Employers (08/15/2002)
(DR02-4, August 2002, PDF 23K) Revisions to the Tax Reform Act of 1986 are needed to help reservists called to active duty and their employers.

Comanche — Critical Enabler for the Objective Force (07/15/2002)
(DR02-3, July 2002, PDF 68K) As a "system of systems," Comanche will play a significant role in the Future Combat Systems while lowering costs and increasing operational hours.

A First Look at President Bush’s June 2002 West Point Speech (06/15/2002)
(DR02-2, June 2002, PDF 22K) Discusses the implications of the foreign policy agenda set forth in the president’s graduation speech.

The U.S. Army: Too Small for the Tasks at Hand (04/15/2002)
(DR02-1, April 2002, PDF 26K) Discusses why more soldiers are needed to carry on the war against terrorism, protect the homeland, and continue to conduct other operations.

Government Pension Offset and Windfall Elimination Provision: In Need of Serious Reform (12/15/2001)
(DR01-4, December 2001, PDF 20K) The Government Pension Offset and Windfall Elimination Provision apply uniformly to all government retirees and thus disproportionately cut retirement income of those with the lowest benefits.

Department of the Army Civilians: A "Crisis in Human Capital" (08/15/2001)
(DR01-3, August 2001, PDF 23K) Outlines the reasons the Department of the Army -- along with the entire federal government -- faces a severe employee retention problem.

Pay-Table Reform: The Next Step (04/15/2001)
(DR01-2, April 2001, PDF 106K) Proposes a coordinated set of corrections to existing problems for noncommissioned officers, warrant officers and captains in the military pay system.

The U.S. Army at the Dawn of the 21st Century: Overcommitted and Underresourced (01/15/2001)
(DR01-1, January 2001, PDF 139K) A look at the mismatch between strategy, resources, missions and manning.

Closing the Pay Gap (10/15/2000)
(DR 00-4, October 2000, PDF 118K)

Strategic Responsiveness: New Paradigm for a Transformed Army (10/15/2000)
The journey to strategic responsiveness must be completed before our nation’s enemies can acquire the asymmetric means to deter or defeat us. A strategically responsive Army—a transformed Army—is an essential investment in our nation’s security.

Some Good News in the Budget (08/15/2000)
(DR 00-2, August 2000, PDF 104K)

Quadrennial Defense Review: From 1997 to 2001 (06/15/2000)
(DR 00-1, June 2000, PDF 114K) Genesis of the Quadrennial Defense Review